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Momentum-heat-mass transfer analogy in gas-solid packed bed at elevated temperatures

Radojica Pešić ,
Nevenka Bošković-Vragolović ,
Nevenka Bošković-Vragolović
Contact Nevenka Bošković-Vragolović
Zorana Arsenijević ,
Goran Tadić ,
Tatjana Kaluđerović Radoičić
Tatjana Kaluđerović Radoičić
Contact Tatjana Kaluđerović Radoičić


The experimental values of the friction factor (fp) at ambient and elevated temperatures as well as of the heat transfer coefficient (hp) were used to establish the analogy between momentum and heat transfer in gas-solid packed beds of monosized spherical glass particles, as jH=fp/22 or jHε=fp/50. Also, the Chilton-Colburn type of momentum-mass transfer analogy was confirmed. These findings are valid for the range of the modified Reynolds number Re’p≈20-130. The experiments related to fp were performed by measuring the pressure drop across the packed bed of particles (0.58, 0.92, 1.04, 1.20, 1.94, 2.98, 3.91, and 4.91 mm diameters) heated to the desired temperature by hot air (temperatures from 20ºC to 350ºC). The range of gas superficial velocity was from 0.05 to 0.99 m/s, and the bed porosities were from 0.357 to 0.430. The experiments related to hp were performed by recording the temperatures of the cold aluminium test spheres (6, 12, and 20 mm in diameter) with embedded K-type (Ni/Al) thermocouples, immersed into the hot packed bed of particles (1.20, 1.94, and 2.98 mm diameters at temperatures from 100 to 300ºC) until the thermal equilibrium was reached. The superficial gas velocity and bed porosity varied from 0.30 to 0.79 m/s and from 0.392 to 0.406, respectively. A new correlation for the prediction of the heat transfer factor has been proposed in the form jHε=0.30(Re’p)-0.30. The analogies defined in this way leave the possibility of determining the value of the heat and mass transfer coefficients on the basis of the value of the friction factor, which is more common in the literature.


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